Tuesday, August 8, 2023

Gold Money Act

Gold Money Act

"The United States Mint founded on April 2nd, 1792, some 231 years ago, is almost as old as our nation. As a bureau of the Treasury, it is responsible for producing coinage for the country to conduct commerce and also responsible for controlling the movement of bullion. It does not produce any paper money. That job is fulfilled by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Currently there are four active coin-producing mints: West Point, Philadelphia, Denver, and San Francisco. Legal tender coins of today are minted solely for the Treasury's account."--Largely sourced from Wikipedia

The primer above was to provide the reader with a synopsis of the U.S. Mint. This author hopes to persuade readers of this blog to ask of their elected representatives for the immediate introduction, debate, and passage of a "Gold Money Act" whereby: U.S. Gold Eagles be available for purchase or sale at any FDIC-insured retail banking institution in the United States at current spot gold price.

This legislation would allow Americans to buy and sell U.S. Gold Eagles at current spot gold price at any FDIC-insured bank in the United States. For far too long, many Americans have not had the opportunity to purchase or sell United States Gold Eagles. The nation's gold coinage should be widely available to all.

Gold Eagles, which are issued by the U.S. Mint and assigned nominal values by the U.S. Treasury, are legal United States currency. Yet, currently the only way for most American to acquire or sell the Gold Eagles is via an antiquated network of coin dealers, auction platforms, or pawn shops. It is particularly burdensome for Americans buying and selling small amounts of gold via these methods; they are typically charged usurious commission rates. The Gold Money Act would help democratize the ownership of assets that are already minted and distributed in our country and also provide a fair means of liquidity for all.

I encourage all readers of this blog to share this post with their colleagues, friends, and family in the hopes of getting a nonpartisan piece of legislation introduced and passed which will largely benefit all Americans. Access to gold is a hallmark of a free society. It will also help put to rest a shameful piece of history in which Executive Order 6102 made owning gold in this country illegal.

From almost time immemorial gold has proven to be an excellent store of value, especially so in times of rampant inflation. There is no good reason why Americans can not buy and sell their own currency with ease at any FDIC-insured bank. Let them hear you in the halls of Congress!

Saturday, April 15, 2023

Buy Borrow Die

Buy Borrow Die

On this solemn day it is important to recognize that indeed only death and taxes are certain. To help assuage this bitter reality, let us focus our efforts today on one of the most effective investing strategies of all time termed "Buy Borrow Die." 

The fundamental premise behind the BBD strategy is that investors should purchase or create assets that will act as functional ATMs for life. An asset is defined as something that pays YOU to own IT. Assets can come in many shapes and sizes, the most common are real estate, companies, commodities, stocks & bonds, and intellectual property. There are others as well, some ingenious like a music catalog for example.

Regardless of the asset type, BBD's major function is to amass a significant portion(s) of said asset(s) that you own or control. The ideal holding period is forever because realizing a gain triggers taxation and also loss of that asset. And it also prevents the next, and crucial step, in the BBD approach: Borrow.

Once an asset is secured, then the investor can borrow against it. Typically the borrowing is accomplished via a loan against the underlying value of the asset; for example suppose an investor buys $100,000 worth of stock, typically the brokerage company will allow said investor to borrow up to 50% of that amount on margin. The margin interest, as of now at least, is considered an investment expense and can be "written off" by the investor.
The more an asset is worth, the more an investor can draw on it over time. The entire real estate industry is built on this premise, but in reverse; mortgage ("mort" from the French for "death") companies profit handsomely from lending large amounts of money secured by real estate. The BBD strategy works in the opposite, where the investor is his own bank borrowing against his own assets and paying interest to himself. 

The asset(s) might start out small initially, but over time they can grow like mighty redwood trees. Investing, like most of life, is built around a "surviorship bias," ie if you survive past a certain point then you have a good chance of reaching the next point, and so on until what was once a fragile sapling is now a towering, nearly impervious behemoth. If an investor is prudent in his borrowing, the asset(s) can long outlive him.

The final genius of the BBD plan is the "step-up" basis recorded upon the investor's death. Suppose that $100,000 worth of stock was purchased in say 1950 for example. Assuming an annual rate of return of say 8%, upon death that $27,000,000 in stock would have its cost basis "stepped-up" to a cool $27,000,000 for the heirs. And for them, the real gravy train begins because they can now utilize the BBD strategy all over again!

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Sunday, March 12, 2023

Checkmate Socialism

Checkmate Socialism

With the following phrase from the Federal Reserve that "All depositors of this institution will be made whole. As with the resolution of Silicon Valley Bank, no losses will be borne by the taxpayer," the United States officially became Socialist. The death knell you hear ringing in the distance is from Capitialism. ~250 years of "the American Experience" has effectively been destroyed tonight. Checkmate Socialism.

Consider, the Federal Reserve, an unelected agency, has unilaterally made the decision to eliminate ALL depositor risk from the banking system. Bluntly, they changed the rules of the game for an institution that was politically connected at the highest levels.
Previously, poor leadership and bad banking decisions had dire consequences. Accepting billions in deposits, buying longer-term bonds for higher yields while keeping insufficient funds available to meet the liquidity of on-demand withdrawals would result in bank failure. FDIC insurance historically covered only up to $250K per account, per depositor, per institution. There was a reason for this termed "moral hazard." Now the taxpayer is on the hook for limitless losses. How did this happen?

When the tide went out this time though, lots and lots of startups (3,500+) with far in excess of $250K were left naked. And afraid. Even after knowing for months that the on-demand cash reserves, burn rate, and long-term loss risk were all significant factors, the FDIC did nothing until the moment of receivership.

The normal course of events in a situation like this would have been for the bank to enter receivership, the FDIC pay the limits of insurance, and then either a liquidation or sale of the remaining bank assets to make depositors partially whole. Not this time. These were very special depositors; the Federal Reserve "broke bad" to save a litany of politically aligned startups with billions in deposits unlikely ever to be recovered save by the largess of the Federal Reserve. 
Almost universally, the client profile of the depositors at Silicon Valley Bank that taxpayers just bailed out were wealthy investors and startups with an average balance of $4,000,000. Silicon Valley Bank would NOT qualify as the typical "community bank" almost anywhere else in the country. These startups were the darlings of Silicon Valley.
Banking relationships at SVB were by invitation only, and this "members-only" bank just stuck the average working class taxpayer with billions in losses and triggered a global bank run. The Federal Reserve was only too happy to spent billions in taxpayer money to shoring up the finances of thousands of millionaires and many billionaires at Silicon Valley Bank. As Jackie Chiles would say: "Outrageous, Egregious, Preposterous!"
Sadly this is not an isolated incident, almost every bank in America, to some degree, was/is in a similar situation to Silicon Valley Bank. SVB bought long-dated bonds with incoming despositor cash and held those bonds at increasing losses as interest rates rose. With the Federal Reserve hellbent on raising rates and the bank apparently caught on its heels, they were trapped. The "surviving" banks, however, have one major difference: their deposit bases are largely focused on retail investors who do not have the ability (or wherewithal) to coordinate an almost simultaneous run on the bank.
When rumors on the "bro network" that Silicon Valley Bank had taken significant losses on its bond portfolio, failed to raise capital, and CEO Greg Becker uttered the fateful words "keep calm," VCs jumped on their smartphone apps while riding the Sun Valley ski lift and moved $40B+ with a swipe of their middle fingers. Silicon Valley Bank was the first "victim" of a fintech-enabled bank run.

What does this "full backstop" by the Federal Reserve mean for FDIC insurance and the banking industry in general? What's good for the goose is good for the gander, and if startup companies with hundreds of millions of UNINSURED deposits are going to be made whole, well then EVERY SINGLE AMERICAN now also has "full backstop."
Think of the potential here. Your banker makes a bad decision? No problem. Bank goes under for risky loans? No problem. Bank invests in longer dated bonds, bond value drops 15-20%, and bank becomes insolvent? NO PROBLEM!

There do seem to be a couple caveats, however, to the "proportionality of risk;" it is unlikely a community bank with retail deposits say in Detroit, would have been saved. Silicon Valley Bank was the poster child of progressive liberalism applied to banking, yet they did not practice what they preached. Their client base and leadership were almost exclusively of mind and race alike. They are politically connected at the highest levels. Taxpayers should be drooling for a list of "public servants" who had accounts at Silicon Valley Bank in excess of $250,000.

As the fallout from Silicon Valley Bank radiates over the country in the coming days, weeks, and months (years?) it has become obvious that the Federal Reserve is far, far too powerful. The Federal Reserve Act needs to be amended at the least, and perhaps revoked. Centralized authority for the global economy is not working (well, at least not for the vast majority of people.) For the uber-elite it works quite well.
The glaring problem is that too many powerful people are juiced in to the existing structure, and time and again bear no consequences for failure. A bank run can be a healthy event in that bad decisions are held accountable by customers literally voting with their feet. It is a shameless debacle that taxpayers feet are now held to the fire to pay the inequities of failed regulatory bodies, executive malfeasance, and corrupt politicians. The failure of SVB has left many Americans wondering if we just saw the end of capitalism.
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Friday, March 3, 2023

Bond Ladder

Bond Ladder

The Bond Ladder has recently emerged as the hottest trade on Wall Street. Laddering bonds is both elegant and efficient; investors parcel out their cash via "steps," or purchases, of certain denomination & maturity bonds which yield a certain annual rate. These "steps" form the proverbial rungs of the Bond Ladder. As rates steadily rise, the investor is locking in that higher rate with each new rung.

This strategy is particularly effective in a rising interest rate environment. With a Bond Ladder, the investor is frequently rolling cash into new bonds at higher rates. So for example, using a $120,000 cash position to build a bond ladder an investor could buy Treasury Bills now yielding over 5% at multiple maturities. In this instance, an investor could buy twelve (12) $10,000 Treasury Bill positions maturing each month for the next year. Every month that $10,000 would come due, and the investor could roll those funds into new, and possibly higher paying, Treasury Bills.
With the Federal Reserve hellbent on breaking the back of rampant inflation in the United States, it seems highly probable. In fact, Greenlight Capital's David Einhorn suggests investors should be "Bearish on stocks and Bullish on inflation." Meaning? He suspects that the Federal Reserve will raise rates higher than the existing consensus of 4.50-4.75%.

With Treasury Bills yielding over 5% now, this should be a concern for investors as selling rates are exceeding predicted rates, ie Einhorn is probably correct assuming the Fed raises again in March. There's an old axiom on Wall Street: "Don't fight the Fed." For those investors looking to preserve a portion of their capital, and earn a "riskfree" rate of return, a Bond Ladder here might make sense. 
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Tuesday, February 14, 2023

Covered Calls

Covered Calls

Similar to the legendary Rodney Dangerfield, Covered Calls don't "get no respect!" Although investors should always consult with their advisor, the Covered Call Investment Strategy has many appealing components, and may offer advantages to the classic "Buy-and-Hold" philosophy hammered into the psyche of the public by index fund providers. Indeed, much like Rodney Dangerfield, investors may come to love this strategy.

First let's have "the talk." If you are investing in the stock market it is by its very nature speculation, and as 2022 clearly demonstrated, it can be EXTREMELY volatile. Volatility is ten-letter word for "risk" or "loss" or "sleepless night" or "anxiety." Basically the opposite of a Bull Market, which can be summarized also with a single word: euphoria. 
Investors need to internalize the FACT that holdings in the stock market can and do fluctuate, and a "linear return" is fallacy in the short-term. On any given day, the markets can swing in multiple percentages up & down. As 2022 taught us, these downward trends can be sustained for months. For those old enough to remember to the 1970s, with the wrong economic policies these trends can be sustained for YEARS. That's the bad news.

Now on to the good news. Given that there are a limited number of places to put your hard-earned money in life (gold, stocks, bonds, real estate, and business ownership come to mind) there is a good chance some or most of your liquid assets will be held in the stock market.
Without diving too deeply into "the history of Wall Street," the stock market offers (generally) almost daily liquidity, established exchanges, and highly-regulated firms. All the major governments of the world are immersed in the global stock exchanges. So with that said, there is a reasonably good chance that owning a basket of stocks over time will turn out well.

As a Portfolio Manager (PM), my job is to select those securities which I have studied and researched which I believe with a high-level of confidence offer a solid rate of return for my clients. From a mechanical perspective, I also want to add a couple layers of additional protection. One, as frequently discussed on this blog, are dividends.
Dividends are cash payments companies make to their shareholders typically on a quarterly basis. It is a reminder to corporations as to who they work for, ie you. It also, obviously, a return on investment for the shareholder doled out at recurring intervals. Timing is notoriously tricky, but I believe it is better to get returns drizzled out over time than pray for a rainstorm.

Second, let's start embracing Covered Calls. Covered Calls are Call Options written (sold) on existing stock positions. These contracts are traded on similar hours as the underlying stocks themselves. Each Call Contract represents 100 shares of the underlying stock. So for example, if you own 1,000 shares of XYZ, then you could write up to 10 contracts on that position.
Part of the Portfolio Manager's job is to determine the likely TIME and LENGTH of that Covered Call. That is extremely challenging. It is often the confluence of volumes of data, and of course greed. How much do we think the stock will go up over a certain amount of time? Are we more concerned about losing the stock or leaving money on the table? How much is the premium paying? What is the likelihood of expiration without losing the stock?

A LOT of variables go into deciding the best course of action, and a lot depends on the client's goals. Ultimately, investing boils down to cash flow. Covered Calls are unique in the investing world in that you are paid UP FRONT for the premium on a contract in the future. Investors know with certainty how much they will be paid the moment the contract is sold. Cash from a Covered Call sale is deposited into investors' brokerage account instantly. And to segue to the third layer (first dividends, second Covered Calls),  that premium cash can then earn additional interest in very nice 5% Treasury Bills currently.

The art & science of Covered Calls is tricky, and like most things in life experience is probably the best teacher. One would think the primary goal is to maximize the premium return without getting the stock called away, but that is not always the case. There are also times where the stock WILL get called away by buyers who want to capture the dividend from investors. The biggest challenge for the PM starts with "the talk."

What is the client's annual return needs vs. wants vs. probability of accomplishing that goal? Is a $30K annual withdrawal on a $500K account reasonable? What is the implied risk? Can a client mentally forgo additional alpha if XYZ stock was purchased at $125 with Covered Calls written at $150 and the stock subsequently spikes to $175? Or like 2022, clients have a low cost basis and have been raking in dividends, premiums, and capital appreciation for years and suddenly find themselves down 15%, 20%, 25%. What then? This is why "the talk" is so important.

In summary, if you're on board with actively investing in the stock market I believe utilizing a Covered Call strategy makes sense for a lot of reasons; from security selection, cash flow certainty, hedging and tax-loss harvesting to name a few.
One of the greatest challenges, and one humans throughout time have been really, really bad at, is moderating greed. Adding layers of risk protection goes out the window the moment we say: "Well I'm gonna close out that contract and hold the stock now because it just keeps going higher. I don't want to miss out!" Letting hedges lapse is dangerous business.

By definition, employing a Covered Call strategy almost always involves getting some positions called away. That is the nature of the beast. But if 2022 taught us anything, it is that markets are inherently volatile and in any given year long-term investors can be subjected to gut-wrenching selloffs. I like having three (3) layers of added protection when investing in the stock market, that's probably why they call me "Mr. Covered Call!" If this strategy sounds appealing to you we should talk.
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Thursday, January 5, 2023

5% T-Bills

5% T-Bills

Warren Buffett once quipped that "5% interest rates draw money from the moon." Well dear readers, we are nearly there. Today 6-month Treasury Bills due on 6 July '23 sold for a yield of 4.82%. With the economy in shambles, record inflation, and Big Tech laying people off as fast as they can email, this "risk free" asset, has surged in popularity sucking growth capital out of the economy like a vampire squid.

Yes, you are probably losing more in terms of "real interest" due to inflation than gaining on T-Bill rates, but at least you don't suffer the double indignation of seeing BOTH your buying power AND balance going down daily like the stock market. The popularity of a similar bond, the I-Bond, is such that if a proposed program to expand the existing cap from $10K to $100K passes it would most likely cause the stock market to crash. What is a Treasury Bill anyway?

Treasury Bills were spawned at the close of "The Great War." They are lasting relics of World War I's Liberty Bonds which were needed to finance America's war efforts. Because the country didn't have enough money to pay back all the Liberty bondholders, the Federal Government got the idea of rolling those bonds into NEW bonds. These new bonds became modern day Treasury Bills (up to 52 weeks in duration, with established auction cycles and a defined bidding process.)

The new auction and rolling approach would ladder out the debt. And we sure have a boatload of debt. $31,000,000,000,000 of it at the Federal Level. By the time you are done reading this blog post, another $3M dollars in interest will have accrued to our National Debt.
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Sunday, January 1, 2023

Back to Basics

Back to Basics

When all else fails, investors can always go back to basics; own dividend-paying monopolies with powerful, lasting brands across multiple sectors. Save regularly, or better yet religiously, and also keep a healthy stash of seed capital in risk-free U.S. Treasury Bills earning that juicy ~5% interest.

This Bear Market will end as every other bear market ended, when, however is unknown. Some clues will be that the Federal Reserve stops hiking rates, inflation stabilizes or falls, and/or an increasing number of stocks begin to hit new 52-week highs.

The latter point is almost always a sign we have exited a Bear Market. So for those weary investors beaten to a pulp by bad economic policy and the Fed tightening the screws on you, hang in there. Continue to build positions and keep an eye out for the end of the bear. Until then, it is back to basics and avoid the Risk of Ruin.
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Friday, December 30, 2022

Shearing Sheeple

Shearing Sheeple

This isn't a Christmas story for the faint of heart. As the First Family disembarked from Air Force One, the gaggle of 15+ leisurely made their way to a billionaire's residence for the holidays. Though much of the country was "sheltering in place" due to a massive Arctic Bomb, the Bidens slipped off their loafers and Manolo Blahniks into flip-flops. Something, however, just wasn't kosher in the America north of St. Croix.

Yes inflation was raging and the stock market had suffered a Barrackian year; its worst performance since the elder statesman's jefe began his reign in 2008. But that wasn't it. Only capitalist pigs bought companies! Far better to extract value via a Labor Union. Invent something? Everything has already been invented! Yes crime was surging in every major urban area, but that didn't matter. "Hold your tongue and count your blessings," admonished the High Septon. No it was something else. 

Gas at $5? What a deal! That couldn't be it. 10,000+ new *friends* joining our country illegally EVERY DAY? How dare you criticize someone committing an illegal activity! Americans don't want those jobs anyway, especially not American teenagers who have to compete with adults lacking documentation. What is documentation anyway? Paper! The theft of resources at scale only hurts the rich anyways. No, it was a peculiar buzzing sound. Bzzz. Bzzz. Bzzz.

The noise reverberated through the night. A buzzing electric sound constant in application and thorough in design. Why it was the shearing of sheeple! Taxpaying citizens lined up in seemingly endless rows having their hard-earned wool being sheared off their backs during the peak of winter. Brrrr it was cold out there! Many sheeple were shaking. What a foolish thing to shear so deeply, but those in absolute power told us: "ALL must pay their fair shear."

So on it went day after day, until the sheeple had given all that there was to give; here, there, everywhere piles of wool lay. Much was burned to keep the shearers themselves comfortably warm, less THEY too feel the cold. Being in the Shearer's Union meant never being cold. Aye, but they left many sheeple naught enough wool to harbor in the storm! No matter, the rows were endlessly long. There would always be sheeple to shear.

Boy was it hot in St. Croix! Even staying free can be troublesome, now the dear leader would have to grant his favor on some billionaire friend. What a labor of love this job was! Along the boardwalk he pandered around, his crusty feet full of golden sands. Laughter was heard all around, how they had gotten away with it all! Joy was theirs! And if they had gotten this far, why what could be next?

On a silver tray produced was a 4,000 page Omnibus Bill flown fresh in from America to the north totaling $1,650,000,000,000. Why it was even MORE than he asked for! Would the blessings ever end? And even here, far away from America to the north, the sound could be faintly heard. Bzzzz. Bzzzzz. Bzzzzz.

Investors beware, to what you value hold dear! The shears are out and your wool will soon be theirs. Protest and mutton you may become. The tide has turned and socialism is here. America has become a welfare state with open borders. What could possibly go wrong?
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